[121] Thatcher's biographer, John Campbell, claimed "the report was a piece of journalistic mischief-making". Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms. [105] In 1978, the Queen endured a state visit to the United Kingdom by Romania's communist leader, Nicolae Ceaușescu, and his wife, Elena,[106] though privately she thought they had "blood on their hands". [58] Martin Charteris asked her to choose a regnal name; she chose to remain Elizabeth, "of course". [122] Belying reports of acrimony between them, Thatcher later conveyed her personal admiration for the Queen,[123] and the Queen gave two honours in her personal gift—membership in the Order of Merit and the Order of the Garter—to Thatcher after her replacement as prime minister by John Major. [38], The factors for the revolution include the weariness both moderates (alienated by the Crown) and the progressives (barely having even the chance to rule) developed vis-à-vis the Isabelline monarchy,[39] as well as the personal behaviour of the queen, the corruption, the abortion of the possibility of political reform and the economic crisis alienating the bourgeoisie. 245–247; Lacey, p. 166; Pimlott, pp. A mí no me cabe duda de que la reina Isabel ll fuera un pendón, hay muchas risas y ridículos alrededor de eso, pero no sé si alguien se ha planteado, dejando a un lado su linaje, que Isabel II fue una niña abusada cuando no tenía edad ni poder de decisión sobre su cuerpo. 1]. She was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. He and Elizabeth lived intermittently in Malta for several months at a time in the hamlet of Gwardamanġa, at Villa Guardamangia, the rented home of Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten. In late 1851, Isabella II gave birth to her first daughter and heir presumptive, who was baptised on 21 December as María Isabel Francisca de Asís. She came to the throne a month before her third birthday, but her succession was disputed by her uncle the Infante Carlos (founder of the Carlist movement), whose refusal to recognize a female sovereign led to the Carlist Wars. [144] Afterwards, for five days the Queen and the Duke shielded their grandsons from the intense press interest by keeping them at Balmoral where they could grieve in private,[145] but the royal family's seclusion and the failure to fly a flag at half-mast over Buckingham Palace caused public dismay. On the same tour, she opened the 23rd Canadian Parliament, becoming the first monarch of Canada to open a parliamentary session. [203] After the trauma of the Second World War, it was a time of hope, a period of progress and achievement heralding a "new Elizabethan age". [214] Referendums in Tuvalu in 2008 and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in 2009 both rejected proposals to become republics. Don't worry if it's not true—so long as there's not too much of a fuss about it afterwards. With the perspective of a civil war in the horizon, Isabella was advised to appoint General Espartero (who enjoyed charisma and popular support) as prime minister. In August 1866 exiled forces comprising both elements from the Democratic and the Progressive Party subscribed the Pact of Ostend [es] under the initiative of Marshal Prim, seeking to topple Isabella. [32][33][34], At the end of the war in Europe, on Victory in Europe Day, Elizabeth and Margaret mingled anonymously with the celebratory crowds in the streets of London. [31] Assumed by historians to be the biological son of Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans [es],[14] the toddler, who replaced infanta Isabella as Prince of Asturias upon his birth, was known under the moniker "el Puigmoltejo", in reference to the rumours about his presumed biological parenthood. [204] Lord Altrincham's accusation in 1957 that her speeches sounded like those of a "priggish schoolgirl" was an extremely rare criticism. [66] Margaret decided to abandon her plans with Townsend. I, like so many of you, have drawn great comfort in difficult times from Christ's words and example. 183–185, Brandreth, pp. Led by Marshal Prim and the Admiral Topete (himself an unconditional follower of the Duke of Montpensier),[35] it marked the beginning of the Glorious Revolution. In 1965, however, the Rhodesian Prime Minister, Ian Smith, in opposition to moves towards majority rule, unilaterally declared independence while expressing "loyalty and devotion" to Elizabeth. Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. On 28 November 1857, Isabella II gave birth to a male heir,[30] who was baptised on 7 December 1857 as Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María Gregorio y Pelagio. In the light of the news, Isabella and her entourage left San Sebastián and went to exile taking a train to Biarritz (France) on 30 September. [84], The Suez crisis and the choice of Eden's successor led, in 1957, to the first major personal criticism of the Queen. [81], In 1956, the British and French prime ministers, Sir Anthony Eden and Guy Mollet, discussed the possibility of France joining the Commonwealth. [21], In September 1939, Britain entered the Second World War. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Luego de jurar prestar servicio a la Mancomunidad de Naciones y dedicar su vida a la Corona, ahora, es la monarca que más ha permanecido en el trono de Gran Bretaña. [54] A second child, Princess Anne, was born in 1950. [109] She was particularly interested after the failure of Bill C-60, which would have affected her role as head of state. [160] The Queen's 11-day visit to Australia in October 2011 was her 16th visit to the country since 1954. [79] During the tour, crowds were immense; three-quarters of the population of Australia were estimated to have seen her. Isabella's reign was maintained only through the support of the army. [90] Two years later, solely in her capacity as Queen of Canada, she revisited the United States and toured Canada. [47], Before the marriage, Philip renounced his Greek and Danish titles, officially converted from Greek Orthodoxy to Anglicanism, and adopted the style Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, taking the surname of his mother's British family. Isabella II (Spanish: Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904) was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868.. [109] In 1980, Canadian politicians sent to London to discuss the patriation of the Canadian constitution found the Queen "better informed ... than any of the British politicians or bureaucrats". When she toured Canada and visited President Harry S. Truman in Washington, D.C., in October 1951, her private secretary, Martin Charteris, carried a draft accession declaration in case the King died while she was on tour. [139], In the years to follow, public revelations on the state of Charles and Diana's marriage continued. [56], During 1951, George VI's health declined, and Elizabeth frequently stood in for him at public events. [115] On 9 July, she awoke in her bedroom at Buckingham Palace to find an intruder, Michael Fagan, in the room with her. [22] They corresponded regularly,[22] and she and her parents made the first royal transatlantic telephone call on 18 May. [202], In the 1950s, as a young woman at the start of her reign, Elizabeth was depicted as a glamorous "fairytale Queen". 623–624, Bond, p. 156; Bradford, pp. [56] The funeral took place on the next day at San Francisco el Grande.[57].