[11] Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm) and a double bass (string bass). NME brings you the latest music news and reviews, along with music videos and galleries, plus band features, blogs on your favourite artists, concert tickets, competitions and more [73] Famously, Pat Boone recorded sanitized versions of songs recorded by the likes of Fats Domino, Little Richard, the Flamingos and Ivory Joe Hunter. Rock 'n' Roll, Keith Richards proposes that Chuck Berry developed his brand of rock and roll by transposing the familiar two-note lead line of jump blues piano directly to the electric guitar, creating what is instantly recognizable as rock guitar. [36], Rock and roll arrived at a time of considerable technological change, soon after the development of the electric guitar, amplifier and microphone, and the 45 rpm record. [59] Three months earlier, on April 12, 1954, Bill Haley & His Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock". If everything that came before laid the groundwork, "Rock Around the Clock" introduced the music to a global audience. [9] The beat is essentially a dance rhythm[10] with an accentuated backbeat, almost always provided by a snare drum. [17] By 1943, the "Rock and Roll Inn" in South Merchantville, New Jersey, was established as a music venue. [20] There were also changes in the record industry, with the rise of independent labels like Atlantic, Sun and Chess servicing niche audiences and a similar rise of radio stations that played their music. [66] Through the late 1940s and early 1950s, R&B music had been gaining a stronger beat and a wilder style, with artists such as Fats Domino and Johnny Otis speeding up the tempos and increasing the backbeat to great popularity on the juke joint circuit. "[82], Some music historians have also pointed to important and innovative developments that built on rock and roll in this period, including multitrack recording, developed by Les Paul, the electronic treatment of sound by such innovators as Joe Meek, and the "Wall of Sound" productions of Phil Spector,[83] continued desegregation of the charts, the rise of surf music, garage rock and the Twist dance craze. Ainda na década de 50, com as inovações tecnológicas, a guitarra elétrica foi criada, dando um carácter eletrizante para os concertos de rock e vindo a ser um instrumento essencial para o gênero. Historia; General; Elvis Presley – The King of Rock’n’Roll ; Elvis Presley – The King of Rock’n’Roll. Rock 'n' Road Trip Lace up your lucky shoes, buckle your seat belts, and get ready to run 15 virtual tour stops on our 2020 Rock 'n' Road Trip! [21] The migration of many former slaves and their descendants to major urban centers such as St. Louis, Memphis, New York City, Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland, and Buffalo (See: Second Great Migration (African American)) meant that black and white residents were living in close proximity in larger numbers than ever before, and as a result heard each other's music and even began to emulate each other's fashions. Assim, o rock já surge com uma aura transgressora e rebelde. Nos anos 60 aparecem novos nomes na cena e o rock ganha ainda mais o coração do público. No mesmo estilo surge o movimento de Jovem Guarda, tendo Wanderléa, Roberto Carlos e Erasmo Carlos como ícones. [99], In the crossover of African-American "race music" to a growing white youth audience, the popularization of rock and roll involved both black performers reaching a white audience and white musicians performing African-American music. [20] Because the development of rock and roll was an evolutionary process, no single record can be identified as unambiguously "the first" rock and roll record. [12] Many observers saw rock and roll as heralding the way for desegregation, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience. [55][56] Elvis Presley was greatly influenced and incorporated his style of music with some of the greatest African American musicians like BB King, Chuck Berry and Fats Domino. Licenciada em Educação Artística pela Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) em 2007 e formada em Fotografia pela Escola Panamericana de Arte e Design, localizada em São Paulo, em 2010. Many of the earliest white rock and roll hits were covers or partial re-writes of earlier black rhythm and blues or blues songs. [20] It was the realization that relatively affluent white teenagers were listening to this music that led to the development of what was to be defined as rock and roll as a distinct genre. [104] Rock and roll is often identified with the emergence of teen culture among the first baby boomer generation, who had greater relative affluence and leisure time and adopted rock and roll as part of a distinct subculture. [102] Many authors have argued that early rock and roll was instrumental in the way both white and black teenagers identified themselves. [85] It shared a common language, had been exposed to American culture through the stationing of troops in the country, and shared many social developments, including the emergence of distinct youth sub-cultures, which in Britain included the Teddy Boys and the rockers. El rock, como la mayoría de las música populares del siglo 20, nacieron de una confluencia de estilos, algunos muy diferentes entre sí. O gênero é fruto de uma combinação de diversos tipos de música, principalmente a música negra, que com o passar do tempo, desdobrou-se também em outros subgêneros. [68] Some of Presley's early recordings were covers of black rhythm and blues or blues songs, such as "That's All Right" (a countrified arrangement of a blues number), "Baby Let's Play House", "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" and "Hound Dog". L to R: '60's rock icons The Supremes, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, and Jim Morrison of The Doors. [90] American rock and roll acts such as Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry and Carl Perkins thereafter became major forces in the British charts. [63] Doo-wop would be a major influence on vocal surf music, soul and early Merseybeat, including the Beatles.[63]. [citation needed], The initial response of the British music industry was to attempt to produce copies of American records, recorded with session musicians and often fronted by teen idols. Outro nome importante dessa época é Raul Seixas. [96] Early British rhythm and blues groups with more blues influences include the Animals, the Rolling Stones, and the Yardbirds. L to R: '50's rock n' roll pioneers The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and Jerry Lee Lewis. [50] Also in 1955, Bo Diddley introduced the "Bo Diddley beat" and a unique electric guitar style,[51] influenced by African and Afro-Cuban music and in turn influencing many later artists.[52][53][54]. Los jóvenes necesitaban algo nuevo, aburridos del estilo melódico de Frank Sinatra. [91] At the same time, TV shows such as Six-Five Special and Oh Boy! "Rockabilly" usually (but not exclusively) refers to the type of rock and roll music which was played and recorded in the mid-1950s primarily by white singers such as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis, who drew mainly on the country roots of the music. Muzyczna podróż przez najważniejsze wydarzenia półwiecza (1955-2005). Originou-se nos Estados Unidos na segunda metade do século XX, alcançando seu auge nos anos 70 e 80. [8] The term is sometimes also used as synonymous with "rock music" and is defined as such in some dictionaries. Historia; rock 'n' roll ; Tag: rock 'n' roll (4 articole) “Eu l-am ucis pe Elvis Presley!” - a declarat pe patul de moarte doctorul vedetei. For the general rock music genre, see. [105], In America, that concern was conveyed even in youth cultural artifacts such as comic books. O Rock é uma vertente musical surgida do termo Rock and Roll.Originou-se nos Estados Unidos na segunda metade do século XX, alcançando seu auge nos anos 70 e 80. Bill Flagg who is a Connecticut resident, began referring to his mix of hillbilly and rock 'n' roll music as rockabilly around 1953. O rapaz branco vindo da cidade de Memphis, no Tennessee, cantava no coro da igreja quando criança e recebeu influência do blues, vertente musical de origem negra. A banda de maior sucesso na época foi Nirvana, mas tiveram outros nomes importantes como Pearl Jam, R.E.M, Alice in Chains, Soundgarden, Red Hot Chili Peppers, The Offspring, Green Day. [98] In addition, rock and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African-American and white American teens enjoyed the music. [103], Several rock historians have claimed that rock and roll was one of the first music genres to define an age group. Teenagers found the syncopated backbeat rhythm especially suited to reviving Big Band-era jitterbug dancing. [110], This article is about the 1950s style of music. [63] By 1954, as rock and roll was beginning to emerge, a number of similar acts began to cross over from the R&B charts to mainstream success, often with added honking brass and saxophone, with the Crows, the Penguins, the El Dorados and the Turbans all scoring major hits. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. FIND YOUR START LINE. Mais tarde surgiram bandas que se tornaram verdadeiros clássicos - reconhecidas mundialmente - como Os mutantes, formada em 1966, e Secos e Molhados, já da década de 70. [27] Surf rock in particular, noted for the use of reverb-drenched guitars, became one of the most popular forms of American rock of the 1960s. The lyrics of rock and roll songs described events and conflicts that most listeners could relate to through personal experience. Têm destaque nesse momento: The Doors, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Pink Floyd, além das bandas The Beatles e Rolling Stones, que fizeram um sucesso estrondoso, ganhando fãs no mundo todo. Street, eds, "Rock and Roll Pilgrims: Reflections on Ritual, Religiosity, and Race at. [35] In 2017, Robert Christgau declared that "Chuck Berry did in fact invent rock 'n' roll", explaining that this artist "came the closest of any single figure to being the one who put all the essential pieces together". Similarly, country boogie and Chicago electric blues supplied many of the elements that would be seen as characteristic of rock and roll. Muzyczna podróż przez najważniejsze wydarzenia półwiecza (1955-2005). Sock hops, school and church gym dances, and home basement dance parties became the rage, and American teens watched Dick Clark's American Bandstand to keep up on the latest dance and fashion styles. Nos anos 80 o comportamento e estética visual que imperavam eram bastante excêntricos, trazendo muito brilho, penteados e roupas exageradas. Hail! Hoje em dia ganhou o mundo e mobiliza grande … Rokenrol alebo rock and roll alebo rock'n'roll je žáner populárnej hudby, ktorý sa vyvinul v Spojených štátoch po druhej svetovej vojne, koncom 40. rokov 20. storočia.Je spojením rytmov afroamerického blues, americkej country music a gospelovej hudby. Nomes como Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Memphis Minnie, Aretha Franklin e demais mulheres tiveram enorme importância para a história do rock. Conheça os principais Gêneros musicais brasileiros. History of Rock and Roll Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. [94] Many groups moved towards the beat music of rock and roll and rhythm and blues from skiffle, like the Quarrymen who became the Beatles, producing a form of rock and roll revivalism that carried them and many other groups to national success from about 1963 and to international success from 1964, known in America as the British Invasion. [93] About the same time, a British blues scene developed, initially led by purist blues followers such as Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies who were directly inspired by American musicians such as Robert Johnson, Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf. [86] Rock and roll has been seen as reorienting popular music toward a youth market, as in Dion and the Belmonts' "A Teenager in Love" (1960). [20][33] In the same period, particularly on the West Coast and in the Midwest, the development of jump blues, with its guitar riffs, prominent beats and shouted lyrics, prefigured many later developments. [79][80] By 1959, the deaths of Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens in a plane crash (February 1959), the departure of Elvis for service in the United States Army (March 1958), the retirement of Little Richard to become a preacher (October 1957), the scandal surrounding Jerry Lee Lewis' marriage to his thirteen-year-old cousin (May 1958), the arrest of Chuck Berry (December 1959), and the breaking of the Payola scandal implicating major figures, including Alan Freed, in bribery and corruption in promoting individual acts or songs (November 1959), gave a sense that the initial phase of rock and roll had come to an end. [87] The skiffle craze, led by Lonnie Donegan, utilised amateurish versions of American folk songs and encouraged many of the subsequent generation of rock and roll, folk, R&B and beat musicians to start performing. [19], The origins of rock and roll have been fiercely debated by commentators and historians of music. [56] Many other popular rock and roll singers of the time, such as Fats Domino and Little Richard,[57] came out of the black rhythm and blues tradition, making the music attractive to white audiences, and are not usually classed as "rockabilly". His style of music combined with black influences created controversy during a turbulent time in history. Share. Rock and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African American and White American teenagers enjoyed the music. Nos anos 80 foi a vez de dançar junto com Blitz, Barão Vermelho, Legião Urbana, Titãs, Kid Abelha, dentre outras, como o Sepultura, estilo de rock mais pesado. O Rock é uma vertente musical surgida do termo Rock and Roll. [81], During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the rawer sounds of Elvis Presley, Gene Vincent, Jerry Lee Lewis and Buddy Holly were commercially superseded by a more polished, commercial style of rock and roll. [24], The immediate roots of rock and roll lay in the rhythm and blues, then called "race music",[25] and country music of the 1940s and 1950s. Veja quais são esses estilos: No Brasil, o rock também teve grandes nomes. The more familiar sound of these covers may have been more palatable to white audiences, there may have been an element of prejudice, but labels aimed at the white market also had much better distribution networks and were generally much more profitable. Originou-se nos Estados Unidos na segunda metade do século XX, alcançando seu auge nos anos 70 e 80. [86] Trad Jazz became popular, and many of its musicians were influenced by related American styles, including boogie woogie and the blues. Entretanto, podemos dizer que algumas são recorrentes, como: Normalmente as bandas de rock contam com 4 ou 5 integrantes, sendo que a base para a sonoridade das músicas é feita a partir de uma guitarra elétrica, bateria, baixo elétrico e teclado ou sintetizadores digitais. Songwriting credits were often unreliable; many publishers, record executives, and even managers (both white and black) would insert their name as a composer in order to collect royalty checks. [20] Commentators differ in their views of which of these forms were most important and the degree to which the new music was a re-branding of African-American rhythm and blues for a white market, or a new hybrid of black and white forms. Corría el año 1954 y acababa de comenzar la historia del rock&roll. [citation needed], In July 1954, Elvis Presley recorded the regional hit "That's All Right" at Sam Phillips' Sun Studio in Memphis. By the mid-1960s, rock and roll had developed into "the more encompassing international style known as rock music, though the latter also continued to be known as rock and roll. Aqui, o estilo musical começou a ganhar força no início dos anos 60. For example, Bill Haley's incompletely bowdlerized cover of "Shake, Rattle and Roll" transformed Big Joe Turner's humorous and racy tale of adult love into an energetic teen dance number,[66][75] while Georgia Gibbs replaced Etta James's tough, sarcastic vocal in "Roll With Me, Henry" (covered as "Dance With Me, Henry") with a perkier vocal more appropriate for an audience unfamiliar with the song to which James's song was an answer, Hank Ballard's "Work With Me, Annie". [63] Despite the subsequent explosion in records from doo wop acts in the later '50s, many failed to chart or were one-hit wonders. [22][23] Radio stations that made white and black forms of music available to both groups, the development and spread of the gramophone record, and African-American musical styles such as jazz and swing which were taken up by white musicians, aided this process of "cultural collision". [100] Rock and roll appeared at a time when racial tensions in the United States were entering a new phase, with the beginnings of the civil rights movement for desegregation, leading to the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that abolished the policy of "separate but equal" in 1954, but leaving a policy which would be extremely difficult to enforce in parts of the United States. Topics such as sex that had generally been considered taboo began to appear in rock and roll lyrics. [20] Particularly significant influences were jazz, blues, gospel, country, and folk. Os nomes que se destacaram nessa primeira fase foram: Jackie Brenston, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, Jimmy Preston, Little Richard, Bill Haley, Chuck Berry (esse considerado por muitos como o "pai do rock") e outros. V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, eds, Second Great Migration (African American), The Cambridge companion to blues and gospel music, "Morgan Wright's HoyHoy.com: The Dawn of Rock 'n Roll", "Yes, Chuck Berry Invented Rock 'n' Roll -- and Singer-Songwriters. [20] Inspired by electric blues, Chuck Berry introduced an aggressive guitar sound to rock and roll, and established the electric guitar as its centrepiece,[34] adapting his rock band instrumentation from the basic blues band instrumentation of a lead guitar, second chord instrument, bass and drums. Atualmente o rock brasileiro apresenta muitas misturas, mesclando estilos, assim como no mundo todo. Elvis, imitando o estilo de músicos negros, deu ao rock visibilidade com uma postura "rebelde", aliando à sonoridade empolgante uma dança provocativa, tanto que foi chamado de Elvis, The Pelvis. In "There's No Romance in Rock and Roll" from True Life Romance (1956), a defiant teen dates a rock and roll-loving boy but drops him for one who likes traditional adult music—to her parents' relief. É importante salientar que, por conta de sua pele branca, Elvis teve maior espaço na mídia da época e foi melhor aceito pela sociedade conservadora americana. According to journalist Greg Kot, "rock and roll" refers to a style of popular music originating in the U.S. in the 1950s. Marketing frequently emphasized the physical looks of the artist rather than the music, contributing to the successful careers of Ricky Nelson, Tommy Sands, Bobby Vee and the Philadelphia trio of Bobby Rydell, Frankie Avalon, Fabian, and Del Shannon, who all became "teen idols. [60], In 1956, the arrival of rockabilly was underlined by the success of songs like "Folsom Prison Blues" by Johnny Cash, "Blue Suede Shoes" by Perkins and the No. [107], From its early 1950s beginnings through the early 1960s, rock and roll spawned new dance crazes[108] including the twist. [85], As interest in rock and roll was beginning to subside in America in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it was taken up by groups in major British urban centres like Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, and London. Os anos 70 foram marcados pelo aparecimento de bandas como Queen, Led Zeppelin, Kiss, Black Sabbath, Ramones, The Clash, Sex Pistols, David Bowie, The Runaways (banda exclusivamente feminina). A palavra rock é uma derivação do termo em inglês rocking and rolling, que pode ser entendido como "balançar e rolar", sugerindo uma dança com conotação sexual. [58] His song "Guitar Rock" is considered as classic rockabilly. [84], In the 1950s, Britain was well placed to receive American rock and roll music and culture. Oh, Teenagers Too", "Sister Rosetta Tharpe: the godmother of rock 'n' roll", "RAMBLIN' ROUND: Hank Williams: Kicking open that rock 'n' roll door", "Bo Diddley, guitarist who inspired the Beatles and the Stones, dies aged 79", "Granville's Bill Flagg pioneered rockabilly", "Hail, Hail, Rock 'n' Roll: The rock revolution gets underway", The Smithsonian's history of the electric guitar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rock_and_roll&oldid=989599030, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The Rock Window: A Way of Understanding Rock Music" by Paul Friedlander, in, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 22:45. It originated from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, rhythm and blues, and country music. [77][78] Other white artists who recorded cover versions of rhythm & blues songs included Gale Storm [Smiley Lewis' "I Hear You Knockin'"], the Diamonds [The Gladiolas' "Little Darlin'" and Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers' "Why Do Fools Fall in Love? Fue entonces cuando la evolución del rock an… [4] While rock and roll's formative elements can be heard in blues records from the 1920s,[5] and in country records of the 1930s,[4] the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.[6][7]. [105] This involved not just music, absorbed via radio, record buying, jukeboxes and TV programs like American Bandstand, but also extended to film, clothes, hair, cars and motorbikes, and distinctive language. [37][44][45], Other artists with early rock and roll hits included Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Gene Vincent. A primeira representante do gênero foi Celly Campello, com um rock bem inocente. "[8] For the purpose of differentiation, this article deals with the first definition. [42] In terms of its wide cultural impact across society in the US and elsewhere, Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock",[43] recorded in April 1954 but not a commercial success until the following year, is generally recognized as an important milestone, but it was preceded by many recordings from earlier decades in which elements of rock and roll can be clearly discerned. [1][2] It originated from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, rhythm and blues,[3] and country music. The youth culture exemplified by rock and roll was a recurring source of concern for older generations, who worried about juvenile delinquency and social rebellion, particularly because to a large extent rock and roll culture was shared by different racial and social groups. 2004. O audycji "Rock’n’roll – historia powszechna", czyli historia świata od narodzin rock’n’rolla. Covers were customary in the music industry at the time; it was made particularly easy by the compulsory license provision of United States copyright law (still in effect). [26][27][28], In the 1930s, jazz, and particularly swing, both in urban-based dance bands and blues-influenced country swing (Jimmie Rodgers, Moon Mullican and other similar singers), were among the first music to present African-American sounds for a predominantly white audience. Arte-educadora, artista visual e fotógrafa. Mais do que um tipo de música, também tornou-se um estilo de vida, influenciando várias gerações. [89] Both movies contained the Bill Haley & His Comets hit "Rock Around the Clock", which first entered the British charts in early 1955 – four months before it reached the US pop charts – topped the British charts later that year and again in 1956, and helped identify rock and roll with teenage delinquency. O gênero é fruto de uma combinação de diversos tipos de música, principalmente a música negra, que com o passar do tempo, desdobrou-se também em outros subgêneros. Although only a minor hit when first released, when used in the opening sequence of the movie Blackboard Jungle a year later, it set the rock and roll boom in motion. [61], Doo-wop was one of the most popular forms of 1950s rhythm and blues, often compared with rock and roll, with an emphasis on multi-part vocal harmonies and meaningless backing lyrics (from which the genre later gained its name), which were usually supported with light instrumentation. [56] For a few years it became the most commercially successful form of rock and roll. O audycji "Rock’n’roll – historia powszechna", czyli historia świata od narodzin rock’n’rolla. [63] Towards the end of the decade there were increasing numbers of white, particularly Italian-American, singers taking up Doo Wop, creating all-white groups like the Mystics and Dion and the Belmonts and racially integrated groups like the Del-Vikings and the Impalas. [104] It gave teenagers a sense of belonging, even when they were alone. [109] From the mid-1960s on, as "rock and roll" was rebranded as "rock," later dance genres followed, leading to funk, disco, house, techno, and hip hop. Há ainda algumas bandas que aliam outros instrumentos, como flautas transversais, saxofone e gaita, o que enriquece ainda mais as canções. El primer impacto fue a nivel local, pero el fenómeno conquistaría poco a poco Estados Unidos. This new music tried to break boundaries and express emotions that people were actually feeling but had not talked about. Estados Unidos fue el caldo de cultivo de esta música que maravilló a los jóvenes a partir de los años 50, y que sigue siendo sinónimo de rebeldía y experime… [27][29] One particularly noteworthy example of a jazz song with recognizably rock and roll elements is Big Joe Turner with pianist Pete Johnson's 1939 single Roll 'Em Pete, which is regarded as an important precursor of rock and roll. De esta forma es como se desarrolló el rock and roll en sus orígenes, pasando por el blues, country y R&B, revolucionando no solo en el ámbito musical, sino también en el comportamiento de toda una generación que creció escuchando R&B hasta convertirse en rock. Como foi dito, muitos tipos de rock surgiram, com variadas características, agradando um público diverso. Si bien hoy existen tipos de rock que ya no guardan ningún parentesco con sus orígenes, todos tienen una raíz en común: el blues y el folk. [85] More grassroots British rock and rollers soon began to appear, including Wee Willie Harris and Tommy Steele. Os anos 90 foram marcados por nomes como Charlie Brown Jr, Nação Zumbi, Angra e Cássia Eller. [88] At the same time British audiences were beginning to encounter American rock and roll, initially through films including Blackboard Jungle (1955) and Rock Around the Clock (1956). "], the Crew Cuts [the Chords' "Sh-Boom" and Nappy Brown's "Don't Be Angry"], the Fountain Sisters [The Jewels' "Hearts of Stone"] and the Maguire Sisters [The Moonglows' "Sincerely"]. [72] The most notable trend, however, was white pop covers of black R&B numbers. As primeiras experimentações ocorreram ainda na década de 40, sobretudo em seus últimos anos, mas foi nos anos 50 que a vertente ganhou contornos mais nítidos. Nos anos 2000 o rock perdeu um pouco de força por conta da crescente onda pop. Já na década de 90, o estilo de rock que despontou foi o grunge, um rock alternativo vindo de Seattle. [95] Groups that followed the Beatles included the beat-influenced Freddie and the Dreamers, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, Herman's Hermits and the Dave Clark Five. Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll, rock 'n' roll, or rock 'n roll) is a genre of popular music that evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s. [16], In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round. In the earliest rock and roll styles, either the piano or saxophone was typically the lead instrument. S. Evans, "The development of the Blues" in A. F. Moore, ed., Busnar, Gene, It's Rock ’n’ Roll: A musical history of the fabulous fifties, Julian Messner, New York, 1979, p. 45. [42] Chuck Berry's 1955 classic "Maybellene" in particular features a distorted electric guitar solo with warm overtones created by his small valve amplifier. The cover versions were not necessarily straightforward imitations.